Before explaining the Difference Between XML and JSON, let defines XML and JSON one by one first. Both XML and JSON files are human-readable and XML parsers and JSON parsers are available in most programming languages.
What is XML?
XML is an Extensive Markup Language primarily designed to carry data. It is a W3 recommendation. It is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both machine-readable and human-readable.
Example of XML
This note is a note to Binod from Anita, stored as XML:
<body>Hello Binod, I hope you are well</body>
What is JSON?
This example defines a student object: an array of 3 student records (objects):
Difference Between XML and JSON
|It stands for Extensive Markup Language.||It stands for JaveScript Object Notation.|
|It is derived from SGML(standard generalized markup language).||It is based on the JaveScript language.|
|It is a markup language that uses tags structure to represent data items.||It is a way of representing objects.|
|It supports namespace.||It does not provide any supports for namespace.|
|It does not support arrays.||It supports arrays.|
|It is comparatively secured than JSON.||It is less secure than XML.|
|It supports comments.||It does not support comments.|
|It used start and end tags.||It does not use end tag.|
|Its documents are comparatively difficult to read.||Its files are very easy to read as compared to XML.|
XML and JSON which is better?
JSON makes significant improvements in RESTful APIs while working with complex systems. So, comparatively, JSON is better than XML.